Girija Prasad Koirala, commonly known as G. P. Koirala ( गिरिजा प्रसाद कोइराला) was born in 20 February 1925 in Bihar India in exile as a son of late Krishna Prasad Koirala and Divya Koirala.
A high school dropout, Koirala was married to Sushma Koirala and has a daughter Sujata Koirala, currently serving as deputy prime minister and foreign minister.
Former Prime Minister and President of Nepali Congress Girija Prasad Koirala, started his political career joining the Indian Freedom Struggle and the historical revolution against autocratic Rana regime by organising the first labour's Movement in Biratnagar Jute Mill in 1947-48. He had been active in politics for over sixty years and is a pioneer of the Nepalese labour movement, having started a labor movement in the Jute mills of his hometown Biratnagar.
Koirala became the elected Prime Minister of country in 1991-1994 after the multiparty democracy was restored in the country by abolishing the Panchayat regime in 1990.
During Panchayat regime, he was exiled in India until his return to Nepal in 1979.
He had been Prime Minister of Nepal four times, serving from 1991 to 1994, 1998 to 1999, 2000 to 2001, and from 2006 to 2008; he was also Acting Head of State from January 2007 to July 2008.
Koirala was elected as a Member of Parliament from Morang-1 and Sunsari-5 constituencies in 1991. Later, he was appointed as the prime minister by late King Birendra.
Koirala took over as Prime Minister from Surya Bahadur Thapa following the collapse of the coalition government led by Thapa. Koirala first headed a Nepali Congress minority government until 1998 after which he headed a three-party coalition government with the CPN-UML and the Nepal Sadhbhawana Party.
Koirala became Prime Minister in 2000 for his third term following the resignation of Krishna Prasad Bhattarai.
Following the Royal Palace massacre, Koirala resigned in July 2001 after being criticised for his perceived inability to handle the crisis.
Koirala was selected to become prime minister by the leaders of the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) on April 24, 2006 following the reinstatement of the House of Representatives.
Koirala was re-elected as Prime Minister to head a new government composed of the SPA and the CPN (Maoist) On April 1, 2007,
Constituent Assembly election, 2008
Nepali Congress lost its standing majority control in CA election in 2008. It holds 110 seats in the 601-member CA.
On January 8, 2010, the much-anticipated High Level Political Mechanism was formed under Koirala's leadership, in what has been described as the body to assist in the major tasks facing the country--to logically conclude the peace process and promulgate the new constittuion.
He was bed-ridden for some months and his ills health had limited his involvement in the politics. However, he was always in the centre of it.
Koirala died at the age of 86 in 20 March 2010.